Nimba Mountains Biosphere Reserve is situated in the border region of Guinea, Liberia and Ivory Coast. The region is covered by mountain rainforest, grasslands and savannah and is one of the richest and most endangered ecosystems of the world. In 1981, the area was declared a World Heritage Site. Since 1992, it is listed as endangered world heritage.
Extraction of wood and forest clearings due to the increasing need for wood of the local population are a big threat for the area and intensify the effects of climate change. Wood is the most important source of energy for private households. A major part of the wood is used for cooking. Improved stoves, that save wood and emit less smoke, are an important contribution to climate protection.
The project aimed at raising the awareness of local people for climate protection and the protection of the forests in three villages of the mountain region, as well as at promoting the use of improved stoves.
The project team of Naturefriends Guinea (Alusfade-Guninée) supervised and supported the people in the villages, informed about the necessity of climate protection and helped with the construction of improved stoves. It was the aim to reduce the consumption of firewood by 60 %. The reduction of smoke contributes to a decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions and in health risks for the population. Needing less firewood also means more free time for local women, who are responsible for collecting wood. Thus, women played a key role for the successful implementation of the project and were actively involved.
A public conference on the issue of climate change contributed to draw the attention of the population to everybody’s responsibility for changing the behaviour in a more sustainable way. In addition, the conference motivated political stakeholders to implement measures against climate change.
The project was implemented in 2019 with your donations of 6800€.